Juniperus communis of the cupressaceae family. An essential oil distilled from berries of French juniper shrubs. (The berries were separated from the branches and crushed prior to distillation.) Low quality juniper berry oils are produced as a by-product of alcohol manufacture and have more turpentine, less berry like aroma than direct distillates such as this one.
A toning and stimulating oil, often used in a sports massage after a performance.
Methods of use: Bath, massage, vaporisation and as a disinfectant
Cautions: May cause skin irritation in high concentration.